What Babies Say Before They Can Talk
In his widely acclaimed book, Dr. Holinger provides a great resource for parents that includes a wealth of information and an indispensable foundation for understanding babies' feelings and behavior.
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Why Physical Punishment Does Not Work–And the Best Alternatives with Feelings
IIn the last several newsletters, we have focused on the universal built-in feelings with which all human beings are born. We described how the work of Darwin, Tomkins, Ekman, and others have shown that human babies are born with various responses to stimuli. These we call feelings: interest, enjoyment, surprise, distress, anger, fear, shame, disgust, and dissmell [reaction to noxious odors].
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Anna Freud was the sixth and youngest child of Sigmund Freud and Martha Bernays. She was born in Vienna, began her career as a teacher, and ultimately was essential in creating the field of child psychoanalysis. She emphasized issues of infant and child development and attachment, and she established treatment centers for children during World War II. Among her best known works are The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense (1936) and Normality and Pathology in Childhood: Assessments of Development (1965).