Other Experts of Note in the Field

Donald Winnicott (1896-1971)

Donald WinnicottDonald Winnicott was an English pediatrician who became a psychoanalyst. He is especially known for his work with children and parents. He focused on the infant-parent relationship and became influential in the field of object relations. He coined such terms as transitional object, spontaneous gesture, annihilation anxiety, and True and False Self.

Anna Freud (1895-1982)

Anna FreudAnna Freud was the sixth and youngest child of Sigmund Freud and Martha Bernays. She was born in Vienna, began her career as a teacher, and ultimately was essential in creating the field of child psychoanalysis. She emphasized issues of infant and child development and attachment, and she established treatment centers for children during World War II. Among her best known works are The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense (1936) and Normality and Pathology in Childhood: Assessments of Development (1965).

Daniel Stern (1934-2012)

Anna FreudDaniel Stern was a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who had a profound impact on our understanding of infant and child development. His pioneering book The Interpersonal World of the Infant: A View From Psychoanalysis and Developmental Psychology (1985) changed the landscape of knowledge about human development.

Dr. Hermine Hug-Hellmuth (1871-1924)

Dr. Hermine Hug-HellmuthDr. Hermine Hug-Hellmuth (1871-1924) was one of the early pioneers in therapy with children. She was one of the first child analysts. In addition to writing about child psychotherapy and psychoanalysis per se, she was also prolific in her lecturing and writing for the public. Among her publications is a remarkably comprehensive book titled: New Ways to the Understanding of Youth: Psychoanalytic Lectures for Parents, teachers, Educators, School Doctors, Kindergarten Teachers, and Social Workers.

Sándor Ferenczi (1873-1933)

Sándor Ferenczi was an Hungarian psychoanalyst and close colleague of Sigmund Freud. His contributions include a focus on empathy and the therapeutic dyad. His work paved the way for what we now know as intersubjective and relational models.

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud was an Austrian physician (neurologist) and founded the field of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Psychoanalysis remains influential
within psychotherapy, within some areas of psychiatry, and across the humanities. Freud wrote extensively for the public as well as on technical issues in his field. He died in England at age 83.

Selma Fraiberg (1918-1981)

Selma FraibergSelma Fraiberg was a psychoanalyst, social worker, and author. She studied infants with congenital blindness in the 1970s, helping them
overcome the developmental problems which tend to accompany blindness. In addition to her work with blind babies, she was also one of the founders of the field of infant mental health and developed mental health treatment approaches for infants, toddlers, and their families.

Her major works include:

Heinz Kohut (1913-1981)

Heinz KohutHeinz Kohut was an Austrian-born American psychoanalyst best known for his development of self-psychology, an influential school of thought within psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory which helped transform the modern practice of analytic and dynamic treatment approaches.

Melanie Klein (1882 – 1960)

Melanie KleinMelanie Klein was an Austrian-British psychoanalyst, who devised novel therapeutic techniques for children that had an impact on child psychology and contemporary psychoanalysis. She was a leading innovator in object relations theory.

August Aichhorn (1878 – 1949)

August AchhornAugust Aichhorn was an Austrian educator and psychoanalyst, who is especially known for his work with adolescents. His book Wayward Youth (1925) is a classic, involving his therapeutic work with juvenile delinquent and disadvantaged youth. This book continues to be a relevant resource for understanding and working with adolescents.

René Spitz (1887 – 1974)

Rene SpitzRené Spitz was an Austrian-American psychoanalyst, known for his studies on the effects of maternal and emotional deprivation on infants.

John Bowlby (1907-1990)

John BowlbyJohn Bowlby was a British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, notable for his interest in child development and for his pioneering work in attachment theory.

Margaret Mahler (1897-1985)

Margaret MahlerMargaret Mahler was a Hungarian-American psychiatric and psychoanalyst, who focused on childhood issues. She was noted for her work in the separation-individuation aspects of child development.

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