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We hope this material on human development will be of use both to general audiences intrigued with the human condition, as well as to clinicians and scholars in psychology, psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis.

Featured Article from Jennifer Lock Oman LISW, BCD

Jennifer Lock Oman, LISW, BCDLooking Underneath the Source of Your Anger
The upside of understanding anger

Like all emotions, anger has an evolutionary role to play in the survival of our species. Like other innate negative effects of distress, fear, disgust, or shame, anger has been tagged with a bad reputation. This reputation comes from wounding, destructive behaviors that can occur in the many ways we can express anger or act on it outwardly. But, like the other innate negative effects, anger is not inherently “bad.”

The Republic of Korea becomes the 62nd state to prohibit all corporal punishment of children!


Republic of Korea prohibits all corporal punishment of children

The Republic of Korea has become the 62nd country to prohibit corporal punishment against children, and the fourth in the Asia Pacific region. With a child population of nine million, the Republic of Korea’s prohibition means 300 million children worldwide are now fully protected from violent punishment by law.


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The Vanishing SelfThe Vanishing Self

by Brit Bennett

What happens when twin sisters are identical in every way except their skin color? Explore racism, colorism, sexism, and familial relationships in this historical fiction bestseller.

Stamped from the BeginningStamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America

by Ibram X. Kendi

Using 5 well-known American intellectuals, Kendi chronicles the history of racist thought and practice in the United States from the Puritans to the present.

Recent and Selected Articles by Paul C. Holinger, M.D.

The Problem of Physical Punishment

The Problem of Physical Punishment and Its Persistence: The Potential Roles of Psychoanalysis

Physical punishment is a complex topic. Might psychoanalysis, child/adolescent analysis, and developmental theory and research provide further understanding of the underlying causes, the resulting psychopathology, and potential solutions? In this section, we explore various intrinsic and extrinsic perspectives in an attempt to better appreciate the controversies surrounding physical punishment and its persistence.


2021 Position Statement on Physical Punishment

The American Psychoanalytic Association (APsaA) condemns the use of physical punishment in the discipline of children and recommends alternative methods that enhance children’s capacities to develop healthy emotional lives, tolerate frustration, regulate internal tensions, and behave in socially acceptable ways.

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New article on Corporal Punishment and Race in America

The current white supremacist racial order in America fundamentally relies on fear and pain to shape the subjectivities of Black people in childhood. This violence is most visible when enacted by police officers against unarmed Black youth. A less visible yet more pernicious form of racist violence against Black children is exercised by community proxies such as Black teachers and parents.
Learn More About Physical Punishment

End Violence Against Children

The Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children (End Violence Partnership) is a public/private partnership launched by the UN Secretary-General in 2016. The Partnership is a platform for collective, evidence-based advocacy, action, and investments.

By the end of 2020, 550 partners had joined the End Violence Partnership, bringing diverse perspectives and experience from every region of the world. We are made up of governments, United Nations agencies, research institutions, international non-governmental organizations, foundations, civil society organizations, private sector companies, and more. Over 80 percent are civil society groups, large and small, working in their communities to protect children. Though different in many ways, one simple belief unites us all: every child deserves to grow up safe, secure, and in a nurturing environment

Parents Who Physically Abuse: Current Status and Future Directions

Physical child abuse is a global public health concern associated with wide-ranging adverse outcomes for children and incurring substantial costs for society. Because of variability in defining and reporting physical child abuse worldwide, prevalence rates vary widely, but the consensus opinion is that physical abuse is both pervasive and inadequately tracked through official mechanisms.

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