Additional Resources by Topic

If not readily available, most of the reports, videos and books can either be found or requested for at your local library.


Busch de Ahumada, L.C. & Ahumada, J.L. (2015). Contacting a 19 Month-Old Mute Autistic Girl: A Clinical Narrative. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 96:11-38.

Alvarez, A. & Lee (2004). Early forms of relatedness in autism: A longitudinal clinical and quantitative single case study. Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 9: 499 – 518.

Alvarez, A. & Reid, S. (2001) chapter in Richter, J. & Coates, S., (eds). Autism: The Search for Coherence . London: Jessica Kingsley.

Cohen, D. (1980) The pathology of the self in primary childhood autism and Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. Psychiatric Clinics of North America (Advances in Child Psychiatry: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Research) 3: 383-402

Cohler, B.J., Weiner, T. (2011). The Inner Fortress: Symptom and Meaning in Asperger’s Syndrome. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 31:208-221. [Note that this entire issue of Psychoanalytic Inquiry, Volume 31, . Issue 3, is devoted to papers on psychoanalytic work with patients diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome.]

Costa, G. & Romer-Witten, M. Pervasive developmental disorder.(in press) In: Mowder, B., Robinson & F. Yasik, A. (Eds.), Evidence-Based Practice in Infant and Early Childhood Psychology. Wiley

Greenspan, S.I. & Wieder, S. (1997). Developmental patterns and outcomes in infants and children with disorders in relating and communicating: A chart review of 200 cases of children with autistic spectrum diagnoses. Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders, 1:87-141

Greenspan, S.I. & Wieder, S. (2005). Can children with autism master the core deficits and become empathetic, creative and reflective? A ten to fifteen-year follow-up of a subgroup of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who received a comprehensive Developmental, Individual-difference, Relationship-based (DIR) approach. Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders, 9. (The DIR/Floortime approach is based on the developmental theories of Piaget, Vygotsky, Erikson and Kholberg.)

Gould, K. (2011). Fantasy Play as the Conduit for Change in the Treatment of a Six-Year-Old Boy With Asperger’s Syndrome. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 31:240-251.

Harrison, A. M. (2016). Ten Little Monkeys. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child,69: in press.

Hoffman, L. & Rice, T. (2012). Psychodynamic considerations in the treatment of a young person with autistic spectrum disorder: A case report. Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, 11(2): 67-85.

Miller, L.J., Witten, M., and Ahn, R.R. (In Press). Assessment of Sensory Processing Disorder: The Interplay with Affect in the Context of Relationship. In Handbook of Infant, Toddler, and Preschool Mental Health Assessment. New York: Oxford University Press.

Olesker, W. (1999). Treatment of a Boy with Atypical Ego Development. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 54:25-46.

Pozzi, M.E. (2003). The use of observation in the psychoanalytic treatment of a 12-year-old boy with Asperger’s syndrome. Int. J. of Psycho-Anal., 84:1333-1349.

Rhode, M. (1994). Autistic breathing. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 20: 25-41.

Rhode, M.. (1995). A tribute to Frances Tustin. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 21: 153-166.

Rhode, M. (1995). Links between Henri Rey’s thinking and psychoanalytic work with autistic children. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 9: 149-155.

Rhode, M. (2004). Different responses to trauma in two children with autistic spectrum disorder: The mouth as crossroads for the sense of self. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 30: 3-20.

Rhode, M. (2011). Asperger’s Syndrome: A mixed picture. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 31: 288-302.

Rhode, M. (2012). Whose memories are they and where do they go? Problems surrounding internalization in children on the autistic spectrum. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 93: 355-376.

Rhode, M. (2015). ‘Paralyzed associations’: countertransference difficulties in recognizing meaning in the treatment of children on the autistic spectrum. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 15: 218-230.

Rhode, M. (2016). Bodily Aspects of Language Use in Children on the Autism Spectrum. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 69: in press.

Romer-Witten, M. (in press). Psychoanalytic treatment of autism in a baby, with suppositions. Journal of Relational Psychoanalysis.

van Schalkwyk, G.I. & Volkmar, F.R. (2016) Autism Spectrum Disorders: In Theory and Practice. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 69: in press.

Sherkow, S.P. (2011). The Dyadic Psychoanalytic Treatment of a Toddler with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Psychoanalytic Inquiry. 31:252-275.

Singletary, W. M. (2015). An integrative model of autism spectrum disorder: ASD as a neurobiological disorder of experienced environmental deprivation, early life stress and allostatic overload. Neuropsychoanalysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Psychoanalysis and the Neurosciences, 17(2), 81-119.

Shaft, J.P. (2011). Finding the Pot of Gold: Using Psychotherapy to Assist the Emotional Development of a Four-Year-Old Girl Diagnosed With Asperger’s Disorder. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 31:276-287.

Sugarman, A. (2011). Psychoanalyzing a Vulcan: The Importance of Mental Organization in Treating Asperger’s Patients. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 31:222-239.

Ventola, P. , Friedman, H. , & Oosting, D. (2016). Pivotal Response Treatment: Case Reports. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 69: in press.

Wieder, S., Greenspan, S. & Kalmanson, B. (2008). Autism assessment and intervention: the developmental, individual-difference, relationship-based/”floortime” model. Zero to Three, 28:31-37.


Greenspan, S.I. (2008) Developmental and Behavioral Approaches. Web-based Radio Show.


Alvarez, A. (2012) Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy with Autistic, Borderline, Deprived and Abused Children. New York: Routledge.

Alvarez, A. (2012) The Thinking Heart: Three Levels of Psychoanalytic Therapy With Disturbed Children. New York: Routledge.

Alvarez, A. & Reid, S. (1999). Autism and Personality: Findings from the Tavistock Autism Workshop. New York: Routledge.

Barrows, K. (ed.) (2008). Autism in Childhood and Autistic Features in Adults (Psychoanalytic Ideas Series) Karnac

Bergman, A.S. & Fahey, M.F. (1999). Ours, Yours, Mine: Mutuality and the Emergence of the Separate Self. Jason Aronson.

Cullinane, D. (2016). Behavioral Challenges in Children with Autism and Other Special Needs: The Developmental Approach. New York: W.W.Norton.

Greenspan, S. I., & Wieder, S. (2006). Engaging autism: The Floortime approach to helping children relate, communicate, and think. Reading, MA: Perseus Books.

Holloway, R. (2015) Asperger’s Children: Psychodynamics, Aetiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: Karnac

Kliman, G. (2011). Reflective Network Therapy in the Preschool Classroom. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. (See especially chapters 3 [pp. 107-108], 4, 9 and 10)

Meltzer, D. et al. (1975). Explorations in Autism: A Psycho-Analytical Study. London: Karnac.

Mitrani, J. & Mitrani, T. (eds) (2015) Frances Tustin Today . New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge

Rhode , M.& Klauber , T. (eds.) (2004) The Many Faces of Asperger’s Syndrome , New York: Karnac

Rosenfeld, D. (2012). The Creation of the Self and Language: Primitive Sensory Relations of the Child with the Outside World. London: Karnac.

Sherkow, S. & Harrison, A. (2013). Autism Spectrum Disorder: Perspectives from Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience, Jason Aronson.

Tustin, F. (1992). Autistic States in Children. New York: Routledge (revised edition).

Tustin, F. (1990). The Protective Shell in Children and Adults. London: Karnac.


A 33-Year Follow-Up: Recovery from Autism. Produced by the Children’s Psychological Health Center. To view, go to their website, and click on “Public Videos and Slideshows.” (The woman featured authored Chapter 4 in Kliman’s 2011 book, cited above.)

The Power of the Relationship. This video published by the Margaret Mahler Foundation, describing the work of Anni Bergman, may be purchased from Mrs. Patricia Carr at the Margaret Mahler Foundation, 856-354-9002.

Rosenfeld, David (2012), a video included with his book, The Creation of the Self and Language. London: Karnac,


Cohen, J. (1997). Child and adolescent psychoanalysis: Research, practice, and theory. Int J Psychoanal, 78:499-520. (This paper reviews and summarizes most of the major outcome studies listed below.)

Fonagy, P. & Target, M. (1994). The efficacy of psychoanalysis for children with disruptive disorder. J Amer Acad Chld Adolesc. Psychiatry, 33:45-55.

Fonagy, P. & Target, M. (1996). Predictors of outcome in child psychoanalysis: A retrospective study of 763 cases at the Anna Freud Centre. J Amer Psychoanal Assoc, 44:27-77.

Heinicke, C.M. & Ramsey-Klee, D.M. (1986). Outcome of child psychotherapy as a function of frequency of sessions. J Amer Acad Child Psychiatry, 25:247-253.

Midgley, Nick (2011). Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents: A Critical Review of the Evidence Base. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 37(3)232-260.

Midgley, Target, and Smith (2006). The Outcome of Child Analysis from the Patient’s Point of View: A Qualitative Analysis of a Long-term Follow-Up Study. Psychology and Psychotherapy, 79(2), 257-269.

Moran, G.S. et al. (1991). A controlled study of the psychoanalytic treatment of brittle diabetes. J Amer Acad Child Psychiatry, 30:241-257.

Muratori, F. et al. (2003). A two-year follow-up of psychodynamic psychotherapy for internalizing disorders in children. J Amer Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 42(3): 331-339).

Target, M. & Fonagy, P. (1994a). Efficacy of psychoanalysis for children with emotional disorders. J Amer Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 33:361-371.

Target, M. & Fonagy, P. (1994b) The efficacy of psychoanalysis for children: Prediction of outcome in a developmental context. J Amer Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 33:1134-1144.

Trowell, J. et al. (2007) Childhood depression: A place for psychotherapy. An outcome study comparing individual psychodynamic psychotherapy and family therapy. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 16:157-167.


The following research studies show the superior efficacy of longer, intensive treatment over shorter treatments in the general population.

Berghout, C.C. & Zevalkink, J. (2009) Clinical significance of long-term psychoanalytic treatment. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 73: 7-33.

Curtis, R. C. (2014) Systematic Research Supporting Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Treatments. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 50 (1-2) 34-42.   Leichsenring, F. & Rabung, S. (2008) Effectiveness of long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 300: 1551-1565.

Levy, K. N, J. C. Ehrenthal, F. E. Yeomans, et al. (2014). The Efficacy of Psychotherapy: Focus on Psychodynamic Psychotherapy as an Example. Psychodynamic Psychiatry, 42(3), 377–421.

de Maat, S. et al. (2009) The effectiveness of long-term psychoanalytic therapy: A systematic review of empirical studies. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 17: 1-23.

Seligman, M. (1996). The effectiveness of psychotherapy. American Psychologist, 50:965-974. (Based on the Consumer Reports (1995, November, pp. 734-739) report: “Mental health: Does Therapy Help?”)

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